See your bluebook for specific exceptions involving special designations, place of publication etc. Becoming familiar with its rules is essential for your legal career. There are 5 primary differences between alwd and bluebook citation formats. Presents a guide for lawyers for constructing citations, covering the format of citations from a variety of legal sources, including court cases, statutes, books, periodicals, electronic media, and international documents. The bluepages section located at the start of the bluebook is a miniguide to court documents andor legal memoranda. Do not rely solely on this page to bluebook please keep in mind. Legal citation, like most other citation systems, privileges the name of the author, which appears first in any citation of which it is a part. The bluebook is also the mostused style guide for the united states legal profession at large.
It includes citation samples of commonly used resources, style and abbreviation guides, and info on using citation managers to organize your research and automatically create cites. If a journal does not otherwise indicate the volume number but does continuous pagination across issues, use the year as the volume number. The bluebook contains rules that prescribe how to cite a variety of legal documents. The periodical citation rules, the rules for journals, magazines, and newspaper articles, are in r16 starting on page 159 of your bluebook. The citation format for newspapers and newsletters is largely the same as for nonconsecutively paginated periodicals. This libguide contains useful information for legal citation, some of which is not in the bluebook itself. It hears cases on potential violations of civil or political rights protected by european convention on human rights echr. Bluebooking periodicals bluebooking and legal citation. Few books cause law students as much dread, pain, anger, and frustration as the bluebook the bluebook, formally titled the bluebook. The tarlton law library s physical facility, including special collections, is closed until further notice. The indigo book isnt the same as the bluebook, but it does implement the same uniform system of citation that the bluebook does. This page provides bluebook a uniform system of citation, 19th ed. The bluepages section of the bluebook addresses nonacademic citation.
To find an article in a nonconsecutively paginated periodical you need to know the specific issue, so the bluebook requires you to include the date on the issue cover. The citation formats for these sources have been updated to reflect their unique breakdown of information. Legislative, administrative, and executive materials are also cited just as their print counterparts are, according to bluebook rule 18. Unlike the remainder of the bluebook, which is designed in a style and at a level of complexity commensurate with the needs of the law journal publication process, the bluepages provide easytocomprehend guidance for the everyday citation needs of firstyear law. Always check for local court citation rules for court documents. Cite legal materials business law fiu libraries at. Basic format for magazines and other nonconsecutively paginated periodicals.
The database mainly covers law reports and law periodicals, but some legislative publications and major textbooks are also included. Blue book legal definition of blue book legal dictionary. Periodical citations include no fewer than three typefaces in a single citation. It is now in its 20th edition, more than an inch thick, and consists of over 500 pages of guidance on legal. A volume that explains the organization of a state government and provides the names of state officials. The bluebook requires citation to printed material provided it is available, unless there is an authenticated, official, or exact digital copy of the printed sources. The scope of the indigo books coverage is roughly equivalent to the bluebooks bluepagesthat is, the indigo book covers legal citation for u. To find an article in a consecutively paginated periodical, all you need to know is the volume and page, so the bluebook does not require you to include the issue.
It is vital that sources you rely on in your legal writing, such as cases, statutes, and regulations, be cited with sufficient precision so they may be easily found by a reader of the document. There are too many rules for this introductory guide to cover. A publication that establishes the correct form of case citations or of references to a legal authority showing where information can be found. The white pages expand on the rules included in the bluepages. However, the following are rules and examples for other types of legal documents that many firstyear law students may need to cite in addition to cases and statutes. Tips bluebook citation for periodical sources might differ significantly from other citation systems you may have learned previously. The bluebook is the dominant citation authority governing how american legal documents are cited. Supra short form use the authors last name or article title if no author along with supra, indicating the original footnote the work was fully cited in and the pages on which the cited. The indigo book is a free implementation of the bluebook method, and is the preferred source for paralegal students at rasmussen college. The european court of human rights ecthr is the judicial body of the council of europe. Blue pages this guide covers the bluebooks white pages, which provide citation rules for academic papers. Basic layout bluebook 101 library guides at university.
The whitepages are the indepth rules of citation and style. The bluebook states that if the name of the database is. Kf 245 b58 2015 course reserves see the introduction to basic legal citation for a description of bluebook citation style with examples. This court is comprised of judges from each of the 47 coe member states, and are elected to the court by the coes parliamentary assembly. In your first year you will be writing legal memoranda and briefs, therefore you will follow the examples in the bluepages. The two quirky ones are article title italics and journal title small caps. It provides a system of rules for legal citations so that readers can locate the sources cited. Internet citation bluebook citation 101 practitioner. The proper bluebook citation for articles appearing in consecutively paginated journals is volume number, abbreviation of the periodical name, first page of the article, and specific pages cited, if any volume. A uniform system of citation, 20th ed cambridge, mass.
Bluebook citation for llm students bluebook citation for. As men of law rely upon a great number of various sources, legal citation also covers the usage of signals that present. The bluepages provide easy and basic principles for common citations. This book does not cover the latest editions of alwd and bluebook, but it may still be useful. Rules or situations may have changed since this page was last updated. In academic writing, the periodical title is in small caps. Guide to foreign and international legal citations, nyu law library. Generations of law students, lawyers, scholars, judges, and other legal professionals have relied on the bluebooks unique system of citation in their writing. The white pages in the bluebook address academic citation. A selection of major foreign language law publications is also included. The proper bluebook citation for articles appearing in consecutively paginated journals is volume number, abbreviation of the periodical name, first page of the article, and specific pages cited, if any. The bluebook also has citation rules for legal memoranda and other practiceoriented materials the blue pages, which students in lrwa2 use for their memo assignments.
The format has been changed from an inclusive list of periodicals to a more general guide to abbreviating periodicals. Used for generations by all fields of the legal profession, the bluebook, currently in its 19th edition, is the accepted style guide in the u. Your professor or court system may have special rules. Title american blue book boswell western washington. Introduction bluebook guide guides at georgetown law. From the american association of law libraries, this website clearly explains all of the parts to a legal citation. Guide created by westfield state college ely library. Georgetown law library provides a great overview of the bluebook and the basic concepts of legal citation for cases, statutes, and other resources.
Bluepage rules are sometimes different but are always based upon the normal nonbluepage rules. A bluebook guide for law students suffolk university. Updated to reflect changes in local law and legal citation. Business law cite legal materials search this guide search. Major changes in the 20th edition bluebook 101 library.
A uniform system of citation, is the style manual for citing to legal documents within the united states. The subpages under the periodicals tab correspond to each of these elements and provides the specific bluebook rules for each. Contributor names boswell, harry james, 1874 from old catalog. Bluebook legal citation guides at university of akron. The only difference is that the name of the database and the identifying numbers are added at the end of the citation, much like a parallel citation note. In a diverse and rapidly changing legal profession, the bluebook continues to provide a systematic method by which members of the profession communicate important information to one another about the sources and legal.
Unlike the remainder of the bluebook, which is designed in a style and at a level of complexity commensurate with the needs of the law journal publication process, the bluepages provide easytocomprehend guidance for the everyday citation needs of first. The quality of displayed images is better with cdrom than microfilm. A short form citation may be used to identify a periodical source that has previously been cited in full. Short form for periodicals introduction to the bluebook. A uniform system of citation is apuss preferred citation format for legal writing. Tarltons librarians and staff remain actively engaged in providing library services. The scope ofthe indigo books coverage is roughly equivalent tothe bluebooks bluepagesthat is,the indigo bookcovers legal citation for u.598 929 220 757 809 299 371 493 192 1318 119 1159 991 192 970 43 1082 707 116 1472 1678 563 1241 31 878 484 948 1190 275 1081 236 1332